Upper School Course Guide
Course Selection Resources

Types of Courses and Course Coding

In Grades 9 and 10 the Ontario Secondary courses are: Academic (D), Applied (P) and Open (O)

Academic and Applied courses differ in the balance between essential concepts, additional material and the balance between theory and application.

Academic courses focus on the essential concepts of the discipline and also explore related concepts. Academic courses develop students’ knowledge and skills by emphasizing theoretical, abstract applications of the essential concepts and incorporating practical applications as appropriate.

Applied courses also focus on the essential concepts of the discipline, but develop students’ knowledge and skills by emphasizing practical, concrete applications of these concepts and incorporating theoretical applications as appropriate. These courses are not offered at Crescent.

Open courses allow students to broaden their knowledge and skills in a particular subject that may or may not be related to their post-secondary goals, but that reflect their interests.

In Grades 11 and 12, the Ontario Secondary courses are: University preparation (U), University/College preparation (M), Open (O), Advanced Placement (AP) and Transfer Courses.

University preparation (U) courses are designed to equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to meet the entrance requirements for university programs. All (U) courses are based on rigorous provincial curriculum expectations and emphasize the development of both independent research skills and independent learning skills.

University/College preparation (M) courses include content that is relevant for both university and college programs. Teaching and learning emphasize both theoretical aspects and concrete applications of the course content.

Open (O) courses allow students to broaden their knowledge and skills in a particular subject that may or may not be related to their post-secondary goals, but that reflect their interests.

Advanced Placement (AP) courses provide students with enrichment opportunities that may lead to the exemption of a first year university level course. AP courses are offered in a number of subjects whereby they earn Ontario credits and have the option to write the AP examination in May, administered by the College Board. The AP option is offered in the following subjects: Calculus, Statistics, Computer Science, English, Geography, Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Economics (macro and micro).

Transfer Courses are Applied, Workplace, or College level courses. Crescent School students have no need for transfer courses and so they are not offered.

Cooperative Education Credits: A student’s cooperative education program is comprised of a cooperative education course and the related curriculum course, or a ministry-approved locally developed course on which the cooperative education course must be based. The student may take the cooperative education course concurrently with the related course or after successful completion of that course. The cooperative education course consists of a classroom component and a placement component. Through these two components, the cooperative education course prepares the student for successful participation in a work placement; provides sufficient time and various opportunities at the placement to enable the student to apply and further develop the knowledge and skills acquired in the related course; and provides opportunities for the student to integrate the learning acquired in school and at the placement.

Definition of a Credit

A credit is earned when a student successfully completes a course for which a minimum of 110 hours of instruction has been scheduled.

How to Read a Course Code

All of the courses have been assigned codes in accordance with the Ministry of Education subject guidelines. Consider FSF3U: the first three letters indicate the subject, the fourth character indicates the level of the course, and the final letter denotes the type of course, e.g. FSF3U is the code for: French — level 3 — University Preparation.
  • Level 1 – 3 course codes with a ‘1’ at the end are enriched classes.
  • Level 4 (Grade 12) course codes that end with a ‘1’ denote that an AP examination is offered at the end of the course.
  • Course codes ending with an ‘e’ are delivered online.


Most courses in Grades 10 to 12 have prerequisites as a requirement for enrolment. In this course guide, all prerequisite courses have been identified in accordance with Ministry curriculum policy documents.

Course Selection Resources